YuSynth Fixed Filter Bank Module
WARNING, considering the size of the PCB (183x142mm), the number of parts, and the high density of the wiring, we would not recommend it as a beginner's project. However, if you proceed with care and method this remains a feasible project.
Although this module is often missing in many modular set-ups, a fixed filters bank (FFB) is a really useful module and Yves could not imagine a decent set-up without one. The reference FFB is the 914 module from Moog.
The FFB makes it possible to greatly enrich the sonic palette of a modular system. It is also a key element for the recreation of "natural" and environmental sounds, or of conventional music instruments. Although it evokes the principle of a mere graphic equalizer, it has marked differences. Mainly, the filter Q is higher and the BP slopes are steeper than in a graphic EQ. Furthermore when a control is set to zero, the corresponding spectral band is completely muted.
Complex/entangled rhythms can be created on the fly by multi-band filtering a simple sequence.
Yves designed this module with the Moog 914 filter bank in mind. Therefore he tried to obtain similar characteristics for the band-pass, low-pass and high-pass filter as in the Moog 914. The original Moog's design uses passive cells based on inductors and capacitors. Nowadays, finding this type of inductors is very difficult and it would cost a lot of money to have them specially wound. This is why he chose to replace these passive components by active components. In order to design band-pass cells using active components (i.e. OP amps) with the same characteristics as in the Moog 914, there are two possible approaches :
- the first one is to simulate the inductors using gyrators or N.I.C.s (negative impedance converter). This is a very efficient solution but is very expensive because it requires at least four OP amps to recreate a single band-pass cell with the same Q and -12dB/octave attenuation slopes.
- the second one is to replace the passive cell with an active filter. There, the choice of architecture is wide. However, considering the constraints (low number of OPAs to reduce costs, ease of calculation of component values, low sensitivity to tolerance of the components...) the best choice appeared to be the Deliyannis band-pass cell also known as Rauch multiple feedback filter.
The other advantage of using active filters is that the output level of this filter is much higher than that of Moog's.
This module has twelve fixed band-pass filters with -12dB/octave slopes, a low-pass filter and a high-pass filter with -24db/octave slopes. All the filters are resonant with a Q coefficient around 3.7. The gain of each filter is adjustable from completely silent to maximum.
Two inputs (with different gain levels) are provided as well as three outputs : a main output with all filter cells mixed, an ouput with only odd cells and the third output with only even cells. These separate outputs make it possible to use the FFB for creating pseudo-stereo sounds (spacialization).
This module uses not less than 32 OPAs (8 ICs), 125 capacitors, 95 resistors and 14 potentiometers !
The current draw of the module is 70mA both on the positive and negative power lines.
We all have our preferences when it comes to building our modular synth so we offer a range of products* for the build:
- Individual components
- Kit of parts (excluding PCB, knobs and connectors)
- Knobs (Cliff KM20B)
- Jack sockets
- Power connectors
- Front Panel
- Back Panel
- PCB Holder
- PCB Holder Brackets
- Panel PCBs
- Wiring Leads
*Not all products are available at the time of writing but are in development
For the latest build information, we recommend visiting the YuSynth website at http://www.yusynth.net/Modular/index_en.html
However, we also include this build information in our product pages plus additional details relating to the complete module assembly using our front panel solution as they are developed.