YuSynth Dual Gated Slew Module PCB

YuSynth Dual Gated Slew Module Bare PCB

 
£17.04
(£14.20 exc. tax)
7220-052
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YuSynth Dual Gated Slew PCB

Introduction

A bare double sided through hole plated PCB (no need for the wire jumper links shown on the PCB layout) 114x49mm for the YuSynth Dual Gated Slew module. The PCBs are manufactured by Soundtronics with a percentage of the sale going to the creator of the YuSynth - Yves Usson. These are early days for the YuSynth Modular Synth at Soundtronics, our plan is to stock PCBs for all of the projects as well as components, kits and front panels. This is going to take time but will eventually be as comprehensive as our MFOS range.

No components are included with the PCB but check out our Synth Components section where you should find what you need. We do suggest visiting the YuSynth  Dual gated Slew project page for detailed information including Yves panel layouts but a summary is shown below.

This is an utility module that may find some use to create gated portamento effects or other slew limiting effect. It is a dual module and each submodule has its own  SLEW RATE potentiometer. A GATE input jack makes it possible to control the slew function (only in the LOG mode though) : GATE OFF --> No slew, GATE ON--> Slew activated. The default status (no jack inserted in the GATE input) is Slew activated. The slew status is shown by a LED. Furthermore two toggle switches are available.

The first one is a three state switch which sets the active slew phase :

  1. slew active on rising edge only
  2. slew active on both rising and falling edges
  3. slew active on falling edge only

The second switch is a two state switch which defines the slew function :

  1. linear slew (no gated mode)
  2. logarithmic slew (gated mode)

Description

The principle of this circuit is quite simple.
LOG mode :
In the LOG mode, U1a acts as a simple voltage follower (pin 6 is fedback to pin 2), it buffers the input signal.  Let's consider that SW1 is in it's middle position, in such a case the voltage at the output of U1a (pin 6) is going to either charge C3 (if this voltage is higher than that at C3) or dischage C3 (if this voltage is lower than that at C3) through R4 and P1. The greater the value of P1, the longest the charging/discharging time. Then U1b acts as a simple voltage follower and buffers the voltage at C3 to the output.
If we toggle SW1 on the Up lug, then diode D2 bypasses the SLEW RATE potentiometer P1, in such a case the discharging rate of C3 will only depends on R4 (10 ohms) and thus is very fast, while the charging rate still depends on P1. Now if we toggle SW1 on the Down lug, now it's diode D1 that bypasses P1 and therefore it's the charging rate of C3 that becomes very fast and the discharging rate still depends on P1.

GATED mode :
Now let's consider the part played by the FET transistor Q1, in this configuration it acts as a bypass switch for P1 when a positive voltage is applied to the grid of Q1 (the drain-source resistance drops to 50 to 60 ohms). When a negative voltage (which is the default) is applied to the grid of Q1, the drain-source resistance rises to few megohms and P1 becomes active. When no jack is plugged in the GATE input, R11 is connected to the input of the comparator built with U2, this positive voltage is higher than the reference voltage set by the the voltage divider made with R8 and R9. Therefore the output of U1 is negative and opens the FET switch Q1. At the same time this voltage sets the grid of Q2 to 0V (D4 blocks the negative voltage), the drain-source resistance of Q2 is nearly infinite and the current circulating through R10 feeds LD1 which in turns emit a RED light.  If a jack is connected to the GATE input and the GATE voltage is 0V, the comparator switches and a positive voltage appears on its output. This positive voltage makes Q1 and Q2 conductive that is their drain-source resistance becomes negligible. As consequence P1 and  LD1 are bypassed, the SLEW rate becomes very fast (few ms) and the LED is dark. If a positive (>1.5V) voltage is applied at the GATE input, the comparator toggles and a negative voltage is applied to the grids of Q1 and Q2, P1 becomes active and the LED brightens.

LIN mode :
In this mode U1 is no longer a voltage follower of the input voltage but is also controlled by the output voltage of the modules (output of U1b is fed back to the inverting input of U1b). In such a configuration the charging/discharging current of C3 is no longer depending on the instantaneous charge of C3 but is maintained constant. Because this current remains constant the charging/discharging curve of C3 remains linear. However in this feedback loop the Q1 FET transistor will no longer behave as simple switch, that's why in the linear mode the switch SW2-2 disconnects Q1.

Circuit

Click on the schematic thumbnail above for the circuit diagram.

Parts List

The parts list below is from the YuSynth website.

The parts list excludes knobs although we have standardised on the Cliff KM20B but it does include 1/4" jack sockets. All parts are available individually (use the part number in the search box above) or as a components kit that excludes sockets and knobs.

Reference Part No. Description Qty
R1,R2,R4,R13,R21 7163-007 10R 0.25W 1% Metal Film Resistor 5
R5,R14 7163-043 470R 0.25W 1% Metal Film Resistor 2
R10,R19 7163-051 1k 0.25W 1% Metal Film Resistor 2
R9,R11,R18,R20 7163-077 12k 0.25W 1% Metal Film Resistor 4
R6,R8,R15,R17 7163-101 120k 0.25W 1% Metal Film Resistor 4
R3,R14 7163-122 1M 0.25W 1% Metal Film Resistor 2
R7,R16 7163-138 2M2 0.4W 1% Metal Film Resistor 2
jk1 to jk6 7212-206 Pack of 6, Switchcraft 112APC 1/4" Panel Mount Mono Jack Socket 1
SW1,SW3 7212-251 SPDT on/off/on Miniature Toggle Switch 2
SW2,SW4 7212-252 DPDT Miniature Toggle Switch 2
U1, U2, U3, U4 7212-331 Turned Pin 0.3 inch Dil IC Socket 8 Pin 4
Q2,Q4 7212-405 BS170 MOSFET N-Channel Transistor 2
Q1,Q3 7212-407 BF245C FET N-Channel Transistor 2
D1,D2,D3,D4,D5,D6,D7,D8 7212-480 1N4148 Signal Diode 8
U2,U3 7212-541 Single Op-Amp BiFET TL071 2
U1,U4 7212-542 Dual Op-Amp BiFET TL072CP 2
C3,C6 7212-723 Metallised Polyester Capacitor 680nF 2
C4,C5,C7,C8 7212-749 100nF 5mm X7R Dielectric Radial Ceramic Capacitor 4
C1,C2,C9 7213-108 Radial Electrolytic Capacitor 22uF 25V 3
LD1,LD2 7213-900 5mm Single Piece LED Panel Mounting Clip - Prominent 2
LD1,LD2 7213-901 5mm LED Red High Efficency 45mcd 2
P1,P2 7300-070 Synth Pot 16mm 1M Log 2

Wiring

The wiring schematic image in the above thumbnails show the panel wiring to the pots and sockets etc.

 

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